Daniel Buren, Artist in distribution, France, 1938
Daniel Buren was born in Boulogne-Billancourt, France, in 1938 and currently lives and works in Paris. He initially studied painting at L'Ecole des Métiers d'Art. During the 1960's his practice shifted towards less traditional media, leading him to co-found the situationist-influenced group BMPT in 1966. Buren's work was being shown in solo shows in Europe, North America, and Asia by the 1970's, and he had attained widespread international fame by the mid-1980's. Throughout his career he concentrated on using abstract minimalist techniques to intervene in public and architectural space in various contexts, sometimes carrying out his interventions without permission from city officials, and sometimes installing them in traditional art spaces. His paintings and interventions centred mostly on the motif of the vertical stripe, taken from the 'readymade' of industrially printed French fabric. Video and film are primarily used by Buren as a way to record the installation of these works, and how they shape interactions with public space.